English, Modern (LRM)

0.5

Squire

1.

Knight, Lady (wife) or Dame (own right)

1.5.

Baronet, Lady (wife)

2.

Baron, Baroness

3.

Viscount, Viscountess

4.

Earl (U.K.) or Count, Countess

5.

Marquis or Marquess, Marquise or Marchioness

6.

Duke, Duchess

7.

Prince, Princess

8.

King, Queen

9.

Emperor, Empress

Albanian (SCA)

1.

Kreshnik

4.

Kont, Konteshë

6.

Dukë, Dukeshë

7.

Princ or Bir Mbreti, Princeshë or Bijë Mreti

8.

Mbret, Mbretëreshë

Arabic (LRM and SCA)

1.

Faris, Farisa

2.

Shayk or Sheik, Shayka or Sheika

3.

Naquib or Naqib, Naquiba or Naqiba

4.

Qadi, Qadiya

6.

Mushir or Musaitir, Mushira or Musaitira

7.

Amir, Amira

8.

Malik or Sultan, Malika or Sultana

Czech (SCA)

1.

Ryti

2.

Baron, Baronka

3.

Vikomt, Vikomta

4.

Hrab, Hrab Nka

5.

Markiz or Margrabia, Markiza or Margrabina

6.

Vévoda, Vévodkyn

7.

Knize or Princ, Knezna or Princezna

8.

Kral, Kralovna

 

Danish (LRM and SCA)

1.

Ridder

2.

Baron, Baronesse

4.

Greve or Jarl, Grevinde

6.

Hertug, Hertuginde

7.

Prins, Prinsesse

8.

Konge, Dronning

Dutch (LRM and SCA)

0.

"van" name (mark of nobility)

1.

Ridder

2.

Baron, Barones

3.

Burggraaf, Burggravin

4.

Graaf, Gravin

5.

Markgraf, Markgräfin

6.

Hertog, Hertogin

7.

Prins, Prenses

8.

Koning, Koningin

English, Old (LRM and SCA)

1.

Cniht or Ridda

2.

Thegn, Hlaefdige

4.

Eorl, Hlaefdige

7.

Ætheling, Hlaefdige

8.

Cyning or Kyng, Cwene

 

Estonian (SCA)

1.

Rüütel

4.

Krahv

8.

Kuningas, Kuninganna

Finnish (LRM, B. Newman, and SCA)

0.5.

Aseenkantaja

1.

Ritari

2.

Vapaaherra or Paroni, Vapaaherratar or Paronitar

3.

Varakreivi, Varakreivitär

4.

Kreivi or Jaarli, Kreivitär

5.

Markiisi, Markiisitar

6.

Herttua, Herttuatar

7.

Ruhtinas or Prinssi, Ruhtinatar or Prinsessa

8.

Kuningas, Kuningatar

9.

Keisari, Keisarinna

French (LRM, V. Roiron, and SCA)

0.

"de" or "du" name (mark of nobility)

1.

Chevalier, Dame

2.

Baron, Baronne

3.

Vicomte or Viscomte, Vicomtesse or Viscomtesse

4.

Comte, Comtesse

5.

Marquis, Marquise

6.

Duc, Duchesse

7.

Prince, Princesse

8.

Roi, Reine

9.

Empereur, Imperatrice

 

In France Vicomte is just an honorific address for the son of a Comte, not a title in its own right. The form Viscomte comes from Old French.

Gaelic, Irish (LRM and SCA)

1.

Ridire

2.

Barun or Righ-Tuatha, Banbharun

3.

Biocunta, Biocuntaois

4.

Cunta or Iarla, Cuntaois

6.

Diuc or Righ-Cuicidh, Bandiuc

7.

Prionsa or Flaith, Beanphrionsa or Banfhlaith

8.

Ri or Righ, Banrion or Bean-Righ

9.

Ard-Righ (High King), Ard-Bean-Righ (High Queen)

Gaelic, Scots (LRM and SCA)

1.

Ridire

2.

Thegn, Bannthegn

3.

Biocas, Bana bhiocas

4.

Iarla, Baniarla

6.

Diuc, Bandiuc

7.

Prionnsa, Bannaphrionnsa

8.

Righ, Bannrigh or Banrinn

9.

Ard-Righ (High King), Ard-Bannrigh (High Queen)

German (LRM and T. Morwinsky)

0.

"von" name (mark of nobility)

0.5.

Edler (Austria only)

1.

Ritter, Frau

2.

Freiherr or Baron, Freifrau or Baronin

3.

Landgraf, Landgräfin

4.

Graf, Gräfin

5.

Markgraf, Markgräfin

5.5.

Fürst, Fürstin (Lord)

6.

Herzog, Herzogin

7.

Prinz, Prinzessin

8.

König, Königin

9.

Kaiser, Kaiserin

There were two broad categories of nobility in the medieval Germany states, the lesser (niederer Adel) and greater nobility (Höher Adel). The former was the common knight who answered either to the king (reichsunmittelbar) or a noble overlord in his fief. The main titles of the greater nobility were freie Herr, Graf, and Fürst. A special case was the Kurfürsten, who from the later Middle Ages on were the electors of the king or emperor.

Greek (SCA)

1.

Strâtiotes

2.

Barônos, Baronôssa

4.

Komes, Komitissa

6.

Kómes tou stáblou, Komitissa tou stáblou

7.

Pringkepas, Pringképissa

8.

Basiléus, Basilissa

Hebrew/'Ivrit (LRM and SCA)

0.5.

Ba'al Achuzah, Ba’ali Achuzot

1.

Abir or Parash, Gvirah or Parasha (own right)

2.

Baron or Nagid, Baronit or Nagidah

4.

Rozen or Shilton, Rozenet or Shiltanah

5.

Markiz, Markizah

6.

Dukas or Alluf, Dukasit or Allufah

7.

Nasich or Nasi, Nesichah or Nasichah

7a.

Sar, Sarah

8.

Melech, Malka or Malchah

9.

Kisar, Kisarit

 

Many of these are translations of English titles presumably dating from the British Mandate of Palestine, 1915–47. The Biblical Sar, Sarah usually translated Prince, Princess is used for Minister in modern Israel, e.g. Sar haChutz = Foreign Minister. Melech is also Biblical, e.g. Shlomo haMelech = King Solomon. Kisar appears to be a direct adoption from Caesar, like the German Kaiser or Russian Czar.

Hungarian (LRM, S. Markan, and SCA)

1.

Lovag

2.

Baro, Baronö

3.

Vicomte, Vicomte Felesége

4.

Foispan or Grof, Föispanno or Grofnö

6.

Ban or Herceg, Banno or Hercegnö

7.

Fejedelem, Fejedelemnö

8.

Kiraly, Kiralynö

9.

Csaszar, Csaszarnö

Icelandic (LRM and SCA)

1.

Riddari

2.

Baron, Baronfru

4.

Greifi, Greifafru

6.

Hertogi, Hertogafru

7.

Prinz, Prinzessa

8.

Konungur, Drotning

 

Italian (LRM, E. Vicentini, A. Canevese, E. Caddeo, and SCA)

0.5.

Scudiero

1.

Cavaliere, Dama

2.

Barone, Baronessa

3.

Visconte, Viscontessa

4.

Conte, Contessa

5.

Marchese, Marchesa

6.

Duca, Duchessa

7.

Principe, Principessa

8.

Re, Regina

9.

Imperatore, Imperatrice

Japanese (LRM and SCA)

1.

Samurai

2.

Danshaku, Danshaku Fujin

3.

Shishaku, Shishaku Fujin

4.

Hakushaku, Hakushaku Fujin

6.

Koshaku, Koshaku Fujin

7.

Denka, Oji, Shin'no, or Koshaku; Hidenka, Ojo, Kojo, Ohi, or Koshaku Fujin

7.5.

Kotaishi (Crown Prince)

8.

O or Kokuo, Jo-O or Kokuo Fujin

9.

Kotei, Ten'no, or Teio; ...Fujin

The feudal Daimyo, literally "great names," include ranks 2–7, and Samurai are more or less equivalent to knights.

Latin (LRM and SCA)

1.

Miles

2.

Bâro, Bâronessa

3.

Viscomes, Viscomitessa

4.

Comes, Comitessa (comes = companion)

6.

Dux, Ducessa (dux = leader)

7.

Princeps, Princepissa

8.

Rex, Regina

9.

Imperator, Imperatrix

Norse, Old (LRM and SCA)

1.

Riddari

2.

Hersir

4.

Jarl or Greifi, Greifynja

6.

Hertogi

8.

Konungr, Drottning

Norwegian (LRM and SCA)

1.

Riddari

2.

Baron, Baronsfru

4.

Greifi, Greifafru

6.

Hertogi, Hertogafru

7.

Prinz, Prinzessa

8.

Konung, Drottning

 

Polish (LRM, M. Jarosz, and SCA)

1.

Rycerz, Pani

2.

Baron, Baronowa

3.

Wicehrabia, Hrabina (wife), Wicehrabina (own right)

4.

Hrabia, Hrabina

5.

Markiz or Margrabia, Markiza or Margrabina

6–7.

Ksiaze, Ksiezna (wife), Ksiezniczka (own right)

8.

Król, Królowa

9.

Imperator or Cesarz, Imperatorowa or Cesarzowa (wife), Imperatorka (own right)

 

MJ: It was also very popular, especially between lesser ranks, to call all women "Pani" (Lady), and all men "Pan" (Lord or Sir, when talking about them) or "Panie" (when talking to them).

Portugese (LRM and SCA)

0.

"do" name (mark of nobility)

1.

Cavaleiro

2.

Barão, Baronesa

3.

Visconde, Viscondêssa

4.

Conde, Condêssa

5.

Marques, Marquesa

6.

Duque, Duquesa

7.

Principe, Princesa

8.

Rei, Raihna

9.

Emperador, Emperatriz

Romanian (LRM and SCA)

1.

Cavaler

2.

Baron, Baroneasâ

3.

Viconte, Vicontesâ

4.

Conte, Contesâ

6.

Duce, Ducesâ

7.

Principe, Principesâ

8.

Rege, Reginâ

Russian (LRM and SCA)

1.

Ritsar

2.

Baron, Baronyessa

4.

Graf, Grafinya

6.

Gertsog, Gertsoginya

7.

Knyazi, Knyaginya

8.

Koroli, Korolyeva

9.

Czar, Czareva

Serbian (LRM, N. Vulic, and R. Trifkovic)

1.

Vitez, Dama or Gospoya

4.

Knjaz ("Kynaz"), Kneginja

4a.

Boyevnik (Sheriff, provincial royal representative)

5.

Veliki Knjaz ("Veliky Kynaz"), Velika Kneginja (veliki = grand)

6.

Vojevoda ("Voyevoda"); Vojvotkinja, Gospodaritza, or Gospoya

7.

Despot; Despotkinja, Gospodaritza, Gospa or Gospoya

8.

Kralj ("Kraly"), Kraljica ("Kralytsa")

9.

Car ("Tsar"), Carica ("Tsaritsa")

Spanish (LRM, D. Llamas, and SCA)

0.

"de" name (mark of nobility)

0.5.

Hidalgo (see below)

1.

Caballero, Dama (wife) or Caballera (own right)

2.

Baron, Baronesa

3.

Vizconde, Vizcondesa

4.

Conde, Condesa

5.

Marques, Marquesa

6.

Duque, Duquesa

6.5.

Virrey, Virreina (Viceroy, used for colonial governors)

7.

Principe, Princesa (also Infanta)

8.

Rey, Reina

9.

Emperador, Emperatriz

 

DL: The word hidalgo comes from hijo de algo, meaning son of.... It was frequently used for the landless younger sons of the nobility. Hidalgo de bragueta: noble who acquired his title by siring seven male children in succession. Hidalgo de cuatro costados: noble descended for four noble grandparents. Hidalgo de ejecutoría: noble who has documentary proof of his noble ancestry. Hidalgo de gotera: noble of little account whose title was only valid in his town. Hidalgo de privilegio: noble who purchased his title.

Swedish (LRM, C. Sörenssen, and SCA)

0.5.

Väpnare

1.

Riddare

2.

Baron, Baronessa

3.

Vicomte or Lantgreve, Vicomtessa or Lantgrevinna

4.

Greve, Grevinna

5.

Markgreve or Markis, Markgrevinna or Markisinna

6.

Hertig, Hertiginna

7.

Prins, Prinsessa

8.

Konung or Kung, Drottning

9.

Kejsare, Kejsarinna

Turkish (LRM and SCA)

1.

Sövalye

2.

Baron or Bey, Barones

3.

Vikont or Pasha, Vikontess

4.

Kont or Beylerbey, Kontess

6.

Dük or Serdar, Dü es

7.

Prens or Emir, Prenses

8.

Krall, Kralice

9.

Sultan, Sultana

 

Welsh (LRM and SCA)

1.

Marchog, Cyfurdd, Dyledog, or Pendefig (all male)

2.

Barwn or Brehyr, Barwnes or Brehyres

3.

Isiarll, Isiarlles

4.

Iarll, Iarlles

6.

Dug, Duges

7.

Tywysog, Teyrn, Edling, or Gwrthrychiad; Tywysoges, Teyrn, Edling, Gwrthrychiad

8.

Brenin or Teyrn, Brenhines or Teyrn