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Encylopedia of Novi: Herbs

(Including Breads, Drugs, Poisons, and Biological Weapons)

Part III: Short Listing by Climate Code

By Lowell R. Matthews, 2000

Version 3.1, July 23, 2000*

Note: Please consult Part I for the full item descriptions.

The eight climate codes (the first lower-case letters in the complete biome code) form two continua, the first six related mainly to temperature, the second two to the availability of water. The average annual temperatures increase in the order of codes e (everlasting cold) < f (frigid) < c (cold) < t (cool temperate) < m (mild temperate) < h (hot and humid). Codes s (semi-arid) and a (arid) lie outside the temperature continuum and mainly apply to warmer (not e or f) areas with less water than usual (that is, they would otherwise belong to c, t, m, or h).

Arid (a): The outstanding feature of arid climates is dryness. Rain is rare, and often falls in destructive cloudbursts when it does fall. Usable water is hard to find and usually buried deep, so plants often have huge root systems and animals have special adaptations to the dry conditions. Temperatures can range from polar cold to the oven heat of tropical deserts.

Heath/Scrub/Moor (H): Describes sagebrush country like that found in much of the American West.

Pathur (L, RM 652/GML 676, a-H-4)

Ocean/Saltwater Shores (O): Describes the intersection of desert and ocean, found in many coastal regions of North Africa, Arabia, Australia, Baja California, Chile, etc.

Draaf (Dráf) (Co, RM 627/GML 644, a-O-2, cultivated)

Underground (U): Describes caverns in otherwise arid areas.

Thurviik (Thurvík) (Po, RC1 49, a-U-6, a natural gas)

Zulsendura (Ph, RM 692/GML 727, a-U-4, cultivated with high difficulty)

Desert (Z): Describes "hard" hot desert, whether "fertile" like much of the American Southwest or "dune seas" like much of the African Sahara.

Argsbargies (Pa, RM 601/GML 600, a-Z-5)

Asp Venom (Po, RC1 04, a-Z-2, Asp species)

Carnegurth (Po, RM 901/GML 900, a-Z-4)

Culkas (Hagrir) (Bu, RM 615/GML 622, a-Z-4)

Gariig (Garíg) (Co, RM 629/GML 646, a-Z-3, cultivated)

Juth (Po, RM 918/GML 933, a-Z-5, Painted Scorpion)

Lestagii (Lestagí) (Ph, RM 694/GML 730, a-Z-9, Golden Fire Ant species)

Sharduvaak (Sharduvák) (Po, RM 906/GML 905, a-Z-7)

Swigmakril (Ph, RM 808/GML 807, a-Z-6)

Wuchyga (Po, RC1 54, a-Z-5, Wuchyga Sand Lizard)

Cold (c): This climate, warmer than Frigid (e) but cooler than Cool Temperate (t), usually describes the taiga or boreal forests of North America and Eurasia. Its long, cold winters yield to relatively short spring, summer, and fall seasons. Usable water is generally readily available, even in winter.

Alpine (A): Describes the warmer tundras (whether alpine or arctic), regions which cannot support trees for reasons other than the cold.

Galenaana (Galenána) (Po, RM 929/GML 950, c-A-6, Galendur Dwarf Willow)

Coniferous Forest (C): Describes the taiga or boreal forest like the huge belts spread across North America and Eurasia.

Bragolith (Po, RM 907/GML 910, c-C-8, Bragolith Firefly)

Delrean (I, RM 641/GML 664, c-C-2)

Henuial (Po, RM 909/GML 912, c-C-8, Henuial Honey Bee, domesticated)

Kuwurn Yorf (Po, RC1 25, c-C-6)

Taynaga (Po, RM 912/GML 915, c-C-5)

Winclamit (Co, RM 635/GML 652, c-C-7)

Freshwater Coasts/Banks (F): Describes gullies and the banks of lakes or rivers, which are usually much wetter than the surrounding terrain.

Arfandas (Bo, RM 608/GML 610, c-F-6)

Edram (Bo, RM 611/GML 613, c-F-8)

Febfendu (Or, RM 668/GML 702, c-F-4)

Jitsutyr (Po, RM 933/GML 954, c-F-6, Jitsutyr Clam, despised as a pest)

Sorul Nut (Sorel Nut) (L, RM 649a/GML 606, c-F-2, widely cultivated)

Trudurs (Dc, RM 644/GML 667, c-F-4)

Heath/Scrub/Moor (H): Describes boreal brushlands that cannot support trees for reasons other than the cold.

Cusamar (Co, RM 625/GML 642, c-H-7, cultivated with difficulty)

Islands (I): Describes the special microclimates of cold, isolated lands surrounded by water, whether fresh or salt.

Kirsemal (Ph, RC1 17, c-I-4, cultivated)

Mountain (M): Describes cold mountainous areas generally below the tree line but otherwise without regard to vegetation.

Arlan, Mountain (Arthond) (Dc, RM 638/GML 661, c-M-2)

Baldakur (Or, RM 666/GML 700, c-M-8)

Darsurion (Co, RM 626/GML 643, c-M-3, cultivated with difficulty)

Guratu (c-M-3; active ingredient of Hesguratu, Ph, RM 713/GML 752)

Megillos (Ph, RM 688/GML 723, c-M-3, cultivated)

Mirenna (Co, RM 631/GML 648, c-M-3, widely cultivated with difficulty)

Ocean/Saltwater Shores (O): Describes the intersection of cold lands and ocean, often with forests or brushlands reaching to the water, found on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North America and many parts of northern Europe and Asia.

Eldaana (Eldána) (Pa, RM 602/GML 601, c-O-4, cultivated with difficulty)

Ulginor Spinach (c-O-1, widely cultivated; active ingredient of Ulginor, F, RM 716/GML 755)

Shortgrass (S): Describes those cold grasslands too dry to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the northern Great Plains of North America or the northern steppes of Eurasia.

Miretar's Crown (Ci, RC1 24, c-S-6, cultivated with difficulty)

Tallgrass (T): Describes those cold grasslands wet enough to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the northern Great Plains of North America or the steppes of Eurasia.

Asgurash (Asgurath) (Po, RM 917, c-T-7, Asgur Cobra)

Tulaxar (Ci, RC1 36, c-T-6, cultivated)

Underground (U): Describes caverns in otherwise cold areas.

Ondokamba (Po, RM 910/GML 913, c-U-3, Ondokamba Bat)

Zur (Ph, RM 693/GML 728, c-U-4)

Zuvar Mushroom (c-U-2, widely cultivated; active ingredient of Cram, F, RM 712/GML 751)

Everlasting Cold (e): The outstanding feature of this climate, usually found on the highest mountain peaks or in the polar latitudes, is cold that never ends, accompanied by unending dryness because the cold air cannot hold moisture. Usable water is hard to find because most of it is frozen. The few lifeforms present have special adaptations to the cold and dry conditions.

Alpine (A): Describes the coldest alpine tundras, often adjacent to glaciers.

Ondohithui (Po, RM 924/GML 941, e-A-5)

Glacier/Snowfield (G): Describes the coldest terrestrial environments, practically sterile, locked in ice. Life can still be found in unexpected places.

Agaath (Agáth) (Ph, RM 675/GML 710, e-G-2)

Mountain (M): Describes those coldest mountain areas that still support lifeforms other than those found in true tundra or waste.

Ul-acaana (Ul-acána) (Po, RM 921/GML 936, e-M-8, Ul-acanloth Rose)

Underground (U): Describes caverns in otherwise frozen areas, often ice-caves.

Lhugruth (Po, RM 923/GML 940, e-U-6, Drake species)

Volcanic Soil (V): Describes frozen areas with volcanic soil, like the extinct volcanoes of Antarctica.

Gefnul (Co, RM 630/GML 647, e-V-5)

Waste (W): Describes frozen, generally rocky areas with poor soil.

Naza (Pa, RC1 25, e-W-9)

Frigid (Everlasting Cold) (f): This climate, slightly warmer than Everlasting Cold (e), usually describes the tundras of high mountain peaks and polar latitudes. Its cold does end for a short season, often only a month or two long. While its air is generally dry, its land is often sodden and marshy from the brief thaw. Usable water is hard to find most of the year because it is frozen, then readily available for a short time. The lifeforms present have special adaptations to the cold and short growing season.

Alpine (A): Describes most tundra (whether alpine or arctic), the regions of low-growing plants between the timberline and the barrens whether rocks or ice.

Olvar (f-A-7 variant; L, RM 651/GML 675, f-O-6)

Tyr-fira (L, RM 653/GML 677, f-A-9)

Coniferous Forest (C): Describes those coldest areas that still support trees, often dwarfed and blasted by the winter winds, up to the tree line.

Menelar (Pa, RM 603/GML 602, f-C-5)

Freshwater Coasts/Banks (F): Describes gullies and the banks of lakes or rivers, which are usually much wetter than the surrounding terrain.

Brithagurth (Po, RM 908/GML 911, f-F-8, Stickleback species)

Nur-oiolosse (L, RM 649/GML 673, f-F-8)

Oiolosse (Ololosse) (L, RM 650/GML 674, f-F-8, cultivated)

Heath/Scrub/Moor (H): Describes the colder, well-watered portions of sagebrush country or brushlands like those of Scotland.

Atigax (Ph, RM 677/GML 712, f-H-4)

Elendil's Basket (Pa, RC1 10, f-H-3)

Ukur (F, RM 645/GML 668, f-H-4)

Mountain (M): Describes cold mountainous areas generally near (both above and below) the tree line.

Acaana (Acána) (Po, RM 916/GML 930, f-M-7, Acanloth Rose)

Hith-i-Girith (Po, RM 930/GML 951, f-M-5)

Jojojopo (Bu, RM 616/GML 623, f-M-4)

Ocean/Saltwater Shores (O): Describes the intersection of frigid lands and ocean, often with tundra reaching to the salt water, found along most of the northern coasts of Canada or Russia.

Olvar (L, RM 651/GML 675, f-O-6)

Underground (U): Describes caverns in otherwise frigid areas, sometimes seasonal ice-caves.

Moourark (Móurark) (Po, RC1 29, f-U-9, Rark Bat)

Volcanic Soil (V): Describes frigid areas with volcanic soil, like the summits of Mt. Rainier or Mt. Shasta.

Laurre (Pa, RC1 21, f-V-9)

Waste (W): Describes frigid, generally rocky areas with poor soil.

Kathkusa (Ph, RM 684/GML 719, f-W-3)

Hot and Humid (h): This is the climate of the wet tropics, warmer than Mild Temperate (m) but cooler and of course much wetter than Arid (a). It describes most of South America, Africa, southern Asia, and the Pacific islands. Some parts of the tropics have no seasons, like the Amazon Basin of South America; others, like Africa and south Asia, have basically two seasons, rainy and dry. Usable water is generally readily available except in the dry season.

Breaks/Wadis (B): Describes gullies and the beds of seasonal rivers, which often have substantially more water than the surrounding terrain but do not actually have open water.

Klandun (N, RC1 18, h-B-6)

Deciduous/Mixed Forest (D): Describes those subtropical or tropical forests unable to support the classic triple-canopy jungle, most likely due to insufficient rainfall.

Kolandor (Or, RC1 20, h-D-9)

Freshwater Coasts/Banks (F): Describes gullies and the banks of lakes or rivers, which are usually much wetter than the surrounding terrain.

Dynallca (Po, RM 913/GML 920, h-F-3)

Pawlun (Po, RC1 35, h-F-5, Pawf Vine)

Islands (I): Describes the special microclimates of tropical, isolated lands surrounded by water, whether fresh or salt, such as most of the Pacific islands.

Grarig, Lesser (Co, Ardor H3, h-I-1)

Jungle/Rain Forest (J): The classic triple-canopy tropical-rain-forest of towering broadleaf evergreens.

Ajkara (Po, RC1 02, h-J-5)

Curfalaka (M, RM 657/GML 682, h-J-7)

Gartaan (Gartán) (Po, RC1 14, h-J-8, Ky Liana)

Gildar (h-J-7; active ingredient of Gildarion, Or, RC1 13)

Gort (Leaf) (Ph, RM 804/GML 803, h-J-5)

Gort (Powder) (Ph, Ardor H16, h-J-5)

Hevik (Po, RC1 18, h-J-6, Orn-Hevik Tree)

Kakduram (Or, RM 669/GML 703, h-J-7)

Karfar (Po, RM 903/GML 902, h-J-4)

Margath (h-J-2; active ingredient of salve, Dc, RC1 23)

Murnan (Murtan) (Po, RC1 31, h-J-7)

Rud-tekma (Ph, RM 689/GML 724, h-J-6)

Shutinis (Po, RC1 43, h-J-7, Hultif Stag Beetle)

Slird (Po, RM 920/GML 935, h-J-8)

Tarnas (Or, RM 673/GML 707, h-J-6)

Trusa (Po, RM 915/GML 922, h-J-8, Trusa Tree Frog)

Umakilis (Po, RC1 50, h-J-6, Umakil Tree Frog)

Vulcurax (L, RM 654/GML 678, h-J-9)

Wek-wek (Or, RM 674/GML 708, h-J-8)

Welwal (S, RM 699/GML 743, h-J-7, cultivated)

Witav (S, RM 700/GML 744, h-J-6, cultivated)

Yuth (N, RM 665/GML 608, h-J-8)

Ocean/Saltwater Shores (O): Describes the intersection of tropical lands and ocean, often with jungle or savanna reaching to the salt water, found along the tropical coasts of Africa, Asia, Australia, and South America.

Abaas (Abás) (Co, RC1 01, h-O-3)

Anserke (Ci, RM 619/GML 630, h-O-6)

Baalak (Bálak) (Bo, RM 609/GML 611, h-O-8)

Carcatu (L, RM 646/GML 670, h-O-7)

Carneyar (Ci/Co, RC1 07, h-O-7)

Degiik (Degík) (L, RM 647/GML 671, h-O-5)

Durad (Pa, RC1 09, h-O-8)

Fek (Ci, RM 620/GML 631, h-O-6)

Fraw (Pa, Ardor H18, h-O-5)

Hugar (Ph, RM 806/GML 805, h-O-4, cultivated)

Pentanoth (Po, RC1 36, h-O-5)

Swuth (Ph, RM 809/GML 808, h-O-4, cultivated)

Symk-arg-wy (Po, RC1 46, h-O-3, Wyg Flatfish)

Tarfeg (M, RM 661/GML 686, h-O-7)

Valanar (Pa, RC1 39, h-O-9)

Veldurak (Bu, RM 618/GML 625, h-O-5)

Wek-baas (Wek-bás) (Po, RM 922/GML 937, h-O-9, Lionfish species)

Yavin Girith (Po, RC1 56, h-O-5, despised as a pest)

Shortgrass (S): Describes those tropical grasslands too dry to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the East African savanna.

Hegheg (M, RM 660/GML 685, h-S-8)

Kilmakur (Ph, RM 685/GML 720, h-S-7)

Pasamar (Or, RM 670/GML 704, h-S-8)

Thrayniis (Thraynís) (Po, RC1 48, h-S-5, Ayniic Flea)

Tallgrass (T): Describes those tropical grasslands wet enough to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the East African savanna.

Culan Rye (h-T-4, cultivated; active ingredient of Culan, N, RC1 08)

Jadaras (Po, RC1 21, h-T-5, Janar Grass)

Vuraana (Vurána) (Po, RM 936/GML 957, h-T-4, Vuranar)

Vurnaana (Vurnána) (Po, Ardor P5, h-T-4, Vuranar)

Volcanic Soil (V): Describes tropical areas with volcanic soil, like Hawaii or Rwanda.

Grarig, Greater (Co, RC1 14, h-V-4)

Mild Temperate (m): This climate, warmer than Cool Temperate (t) but cooler than Hot and Humid (h), describes most of southern Europe and approximately the southern half of the continental United States. Its long, warm to hot summers yield to relatively short fall, winter, and spring seasons. Usable water is generally readily available.

Coniferous Forest (C): Describes the temperate coniferous forests like those of the American Southeast.

Carefree Mustard (Co, RC1 06, m-C-5, widely cultivated with difficulty)

Quilmufur (Pa, RM 605/GML 604, m-C-7)

Sharkasar (Po, RM 905/GML 904, m-C-6)

Teldalion (Dc, RC1 33, m-C-3)

Deciduous/Mixed Forest (D): Describes the warmer portions of deciduous or mixed forests like those of eastern North America.

Adder Venom (Po, RC1 01, m-D-5, Adder species)

Baranie (G, RC1 04, m-D-2, widely cultivated)

Berterin (Or, RM 667/GML 701, m-D-3)

Cathaana (Cathána) (I) (Po, RM 917a/GML 932, m-D-6, Cathantaur Hickory)

Cathaana Nolgurth (Cathána Nolgurth) (Cathaana II) (Po, RC1 09, m-D-6, Cathantaur Hickory)

Grapeleaf (Ph, RM 682/GML 717, m-D-6, widely cultivated)

Hulmiikak (Hulmíkak) (Po, RC1 19, m-D-8, Hulmiis Carpenter Ant)

Kykykyl (m-D-2, cultivated; active ingredient of bread, Ph, RM 714/GML 753)

Pangwood (Po, RC1 34, m-D-2)

Terbas (N, RM 663/GML 691, m-D-3, cultivated)

Thrang (Po, RC1 47, m-D-5, Thorf Panther)

Freshwater Coasts/Banks (F): Describes gullies and the banks of lakes or rivers, which are usually much wetter than the surrounding terrain.

Carano (m-F-4, widely cultivated; active ingredient of Caranan, G, RC1 05)

Daxamas (Po, RC1 10, m-F-7, Daxa Cattail)

Etarka (Po, RC1 12, m-F-5, Vandar Potato)

Hemlock, Blade (Po, RC1 06, m-F-3, Water Hemlock)

Hemlock, Water (Po, RC1 53, m-F-3)

Himros Aloe (m-F-6; active ingredient of Himros, Bu, RC1 16)

Splayfoot (Ph, RM 690/GML 725, m-F-4, widely cultivated)

Surlok (Po, RC1 45, m-F-5, Surn Catfish)

Heath/Scrub/Moor (H): Describes warmer temperate brushlands that cannot support trees, generally because of poor soil or insufficient water.

Galenas (Ph, RM 803/GML 802, m-H-4, cultivated)

Galenas, Sweet (Ph, RC1 32, m-H-2, cultivated)

Klabas (Po, RC1 24, m-H-5, Klane Shrub)

Tobacco (Ph, GML 811, m-H-1, widely cultivated)

Vipersweed (Pa, RC1 41, m-H-4, cultivated)

Jungle/Rain Forest (J): Describes those dense forests which grow in temperate areas with abundant rainfall, like the Olympic Peninsula of the American Northwest, or the cooler (high altitude) portions of tropical rain forests.

Igturfas (Po, RC1 20, m-J-9, Iguri Tree Viper)

Mountain (M): Describes warmer temperate mountainous areas without regard to vegetation.

Rorkandis (Po, RC1 40, m-M-7, Uster Hawk, sometimes domesticated)

Ocean/Saltwater Shores (O): Describes the intersection of warmer temperate lands and ocean, often with forests or marshes reaching to the salt water, found along warmer temperate coasts throughout the world.

Ebur (M, RM 659/GML 684, m-O-4)

Felmather (N/Ph, RM 642/GML 665, m-O-5)

Gylvir (Ph, RM 681/GML 716, m-O-6)

Jitsu (Po, RM 932/GML 953, m-O-4, Jitsu Clam, despised as a pest)

Klynyk (Cs, RC1 19, m-O-2, prized delicacy)

Laurelin (L, RM 648/GML 672, m-O-9, cultivated)

Sarnumen (Po, RC1 41, m-O-8, Numen Eel)

Tharm (Cs, RC1 35, m-O-1, prized delicacy)

Ucason (Or, RC1 37, m-O-7)

Ul-ucason (Or, RC1 38, m-O-8)

Vessin (Bu, RC1 40, m-O-5, valued delicacy, sometimes cultivated)

Yavethalion (Co, RM 636/GML 653, m-O-5, widely cultivated)

Shortgrass (S): Describes those temperate grasslands too dry to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the southern Great Plains of North America.

Arnuminas (M, RM 655/GML 680, m-S-2, widely cultivated)

Arunya (Ph, RM 801/GML 800, m-S-3, cultivated)

Blue Eyes (Ph, RM 679/GML 714, m-S-7, cultivated)

Tallgrass (T): Describes those temperate grasslands wet enough to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the southern Great Plains of North America.

Arkasu (G, RM 637/GML 660, m-T-4, widely cultivated)

Athanar (Po, RC1 01, m-T-5, Athanar Pit Viper)

Grelnixar (Po, RC1 15, m-T-9, Vrel Nettle)

Orn (Po, RC1 32, m-T-3, Turid Parsley)

Phoroz (Po, RC1 37, m-T-1)

Rumareth Grass (m-T-6, cultivated; active ingredient of Rumareth, Ci, RC1 28)

Shirolos, Po, RC1 42, m-T-3, Shira Grass, cultivated)

Silmaana (Silmána) (Po, RM 926/GML 943, m-T-2, Silmanar Hemlock)

Sindoluin (G/Pa, RC1 30, m-T-2, cultivated)

Vemaak (Vemák) (Po, RC1 52, m-T-5, Larn Hornet)

Underground (U): Describes caverns in otherwise temperate areas.

Jegga (Po, RM 931/GML 952, m-U-5, Jegga Bat)

Jeggarukh (Po, RM 902/GML 901, m-U-5, Jegga Bat)

Volcanic Soil (V): Describes temperate areas with volcanic soil, like Italy and Sicily.

Breldiar and Breldiar Hips (Ph, RM 678/GML 713, m-V-4, widely cultivated with difficulty)

Brorkwilb (Ph, RM 802/GML 801, m-V-3, widely cultivated with difficulty)

Semi-Arid (s): Like arid climates, the outstanding feature of semi-arid climates is dryness, though not as harsh and usually broken by seasonal rains. Usable water is still hard to find and usually buried, forcing most lifeforms to make similar adaptations to those found in harsher climates. Temperatures can vary widely, but are not as extreme as those in arid climates. Semi-arid climates are transition zones between arid and "normal" wetter climates.

Breaks/Wadis (B): Describes gullies and the beds of seasonal rivers, which often have substantially more water than the surrounding terrain.

Ankii (Ankí) (Ph, RM 676/GML 711, s-B-7, cultivated)

Klytun (Po, RM 904/GML 903, s-B-4)

Coniferous Forest (C): Describes the dry coniferous forests found throughout much of the American West.

Belramba (N, RM 662/GML 690, s-C-6)

Deciduous/Mixed Forest (D): Describes dry forests with conifers and such hardier deciduous trees as oaks, also found in much of the American West.

Telperion (Co, RC1 34, s-D-7, cultivated)

Heath/Scrub/Moor (H): Describes the better-watered portions of sagebrush country.

Klagul (Ph, RM 686/GML 721, s-HS-3, Klagullu Shrub)

Kly (Po, RM 934/GML 955, s-H-5)

Marku (Ph, RM 687/GML 722, s-HS-6, Klagullu Shrub)

Silraen (Ph, RC1 29, s-H-2)

Ocean/Saltwater Shores (O): Describes the intersection of scrublands and ocean, found in many dry coastal regions.

Akbutege (Co, RM 623/GML 640, s-O-2)

Alambas (Bu, RM 613/GML 620, s-O-4)

Fiis (Fís), Salt (Co, RC1 11, s-O-2)

Rolling Hills (R): Describes the rougher, hillier, often rockier portions of sagebrush country.

Nelthandon (Pa, RC1 26, s-R-1)

Shortgrass (S): Describes those grasslands too dry to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the Great Plains of North America or the savannas of East Africa.

Dagmather (M, RM 658/GML 683, s-S-5)

Harfy (Ci, RM 621/GML 632, s-S-6, cultivated)

Harlindar Grass (s-S-4, widely cultivated; active ingredient of Harlindar, Ob, RC1 15)

Hoak-foer (N, RM 805/GML 804, s-S-2, widely cultivated)

Januk-ty (S, RM 696/GML 740, s-S-6)

Kaktu (Po, RM 914/GML 921, s-S-7)

Klagul (Ph, RM 686/GML 721, s-HS-3, Klagullu Shrub)

Marku (Ph, RM 687/GML 722, s-HS-6, Klagullu Shrub)

Merrig (Ph, RM 695/GML 731, s-S-8, cultivated)

Siran (Or, RM 671/GML 705, s-S-6)

Siriena (Or, RM 672/GML 706, s-S-5)

Tukamur (Ph, RM 810/GML 809, s-S-4, despised as a pest)

Vinuk (S, RM 698/GML 742, s-S-4)

Underground (U): Describes caverns in otherwise arid areas.

Morgurth (Po, RC1 30, s-U-9, Greater Drake species)

Ruth-i-Iaur (Po, RM 919/GML 934, s-U-7, Drake species)

Volcanic Soil (V): Describes semi-arid areas with volcanic soil, like the cinder cones of New Mexico.

Nelisse (F, RM 807/GML 806, s-V-5)

Waste (W): Describes semi-arid, generally rocky areas with poor soil.

Ul-naza (Pa, RM 607/GML 607, s-W-8)

Desert (Z): Describes "fertile" hot or cold desert, not "dune seas."

Arduvaar (Arduvár) (Pa, RC1 02, s-Z-9)

Hugburtun (Ci, RM 622/GML 633, s-Z-6)

Cool Temperate (t): This climate, warmer than Cold (c) but cooler than Mild Temperate (m), describes most of northern Europe and approximately the northern half of the continental United States. It has four seasons of roughly equal length. Usable water is generally readily available.

Breaks/Wadis (B): Describes gullies and the beds of seasonal rivers, which often have substantially more water than the surrounding terrain but do not actually have open water.

Joef (Ph, RM 683/GML 718, t-B-3, widely cultivated)

Coniferous Forest (C): Describes the warmer portions of the taiga or boreal forests, or the wetter portions of mountain forests like those of western North America.

Athelas (G, RM 639/GML 662, t-C-5, widely cultivated)

Bukandas Bulch (Po, RC1 07, t-C-7, Bukandas Wolf)

Maia Fir (t-C-1, widely cultivated; active ingredient of Maiana, Dc, RC1 22)

Muilfana (Po, RM 911/GML 914, t-C-4, Muilfana Pine)

Slagen (Or, RC1 31, t-C-6)

Deciduous/Mixed Forest (D): Describes the cooler portions of deciduous or mixed forests like those of eastern North America.

Awn (Or, RC1 03, t-D-9, cultivated with difficulty)

Nimnaur (Po, RM 925/GML 942, t-D-5, Whitefiddle Spider)

Rewk (Co, RM 633/GML 650, t-D-3, widely cultivated)

Slota (Po, RM 927/GML 944, t-D-7, Lightning Spider, bred in captivity but not truly domesticated)

Thurl (Co, RM 634/GML 651, t-D-1, widely cultivated)

Freshwater Coasts/Banks (F): Describes gullies and the banks of lakes or rivers, which are usually much wetter than the surrounding terrain.

Arpsusar (M, RM 656/GML 681, t-F-5)

Attanar (Dc, RM 640/GML 663, t-F-4)

Din Fuinen (Po, RC1 11, t-F-4)

Fiis (Fís), Mountain (Co, Ardor H2, t-F-1)

Jitsukar (Po, RC1 22, t-F-8, Jitsukar Clam, despised as a pest)

Latha (Dc, RM 643/GML 666, t-F-4)

Red Willow (Dc, RC1 27, t-F-2)

Shen (Pa, RM 606/GML 605, t-F-6)

Suranie (S, RM 697/GML 741, t-F-3, cultivated)

Yake (Po, RC1 55, t-F-6)

Heath/Scrub/Moor (H): Describes cooler temperate brushlands that cannot support trees, generally because of poor soil or insufficient water.

Aloe or Aloe Vera (Bu, RM 614/GML 621, t-H-4, cultivated)

Islands (I): Describes the special microclimates of cooler temperate, isolated lands surrounded by water, whether fresh or salt.

Fukavar (Ph, RC1 12, t-I-6)

Mountain (M): Describes cooler temperate mountainous areas without regard to vegetation.

Dugmuthur (Co, RM 628/GML 645, t-M-3, widely cultivated with difficulty)

Mook (Mók) (Pa, RM 604/GML 603, t-M-3)

Reglen (Co, RM 632/GML 649, t-M-3)

Wifurwif (N, RM 664/GML 692, t-M-7)

Zaganzar (Po, RM 928/GML 945, t-M-6, Zagan Columbine)

Ocean/Saltwater Shores (O): Describes the intersection of cooler temperate lands and ocean, often with forests or marshes reaching to the salt water, found along cooler temperate coasts throughout the world.

Tathar Lemon (t-O-3; active ingredient of Tatharsul, N, RM 715/GML 754)

Shortgrass (S): Describes those cooler temperate grasslands too dry to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the central Great Plains of North America or the steppes of Eurasia.

Bursthelas (Bo, RM 610/GML 612, t-S-8)

Elben's Basket (Ph, RM 680/GML 715, t-S-7, widely cultivated)

Gursamel (Bo, RM 612/GML 614, t-S-7)

Heen (Hén) (Po, RC1 17, t-S-8, Geen (Gén) Sunflower)

Uraana (Urána) (Po, RM 935/GML 956, t-S-3, Uranil)

Yaran (Ph, RM 691/GML 726, t-S-2, cultivated)

Tallgrass (T): Describes those cooler temperate grasslands wet enough to support the taller grasses; they can be found throughout the central Great Plains of North America or the steppes of Eurasia.

Arlan (Co/Dc, RM 624/GML 641, t-T-2, widely cultivated)

Kelventari (Bu, RM 617/GML 624, t-T-3)

Shanku (t-T-2; active ingredient of Alshana, Ph, RM 701/GML 750)

Many Climates

Alcohol (Ph, GML 810): all climates

Angurth (Di, RC1 03): all except the coldest climates; bacterium carried by fleas

Cyclic Fever (Di, RC1 08): warmer climates; bacterium carried by ticks and lice

Frulowg (Di, RC1 13): all climates; bacterium spread by airborne spores

Gurth-nu-fuin (Di, RC1 16): all climates; virus spread by casual contact

Kaskamak (Di, RC1 23): all climates; source unknown

Lembas (F, I): all climates with Elves

Marsh Flux (Di, RC1 26): all but the coldest climates; waterborne ameba

Miruvor (Ph, I): all climates with Elves

Pakiik (Di, RC1 33): all climates; bacterium spread by contaminated bodily fluids

Quaking Fever (Di, RC1 38): warm, wet climates; bacterium carried by freshwater leeches

Red Fever (Di, RC1 39): warmer climates; bacterium spread by contaminated food or water

Ungolgalen (Spider Venom II) (Po, RC1 44b): all climates with "greater great" spiders

Ungollos (Spider Venom I) (Po, RC1 44a): all climates with "greater great" spiders

Vaxvarna (Di, RC1 51): all climates, virus spread by airborne spores and casual contact

Yellow Rheum (Di, RC1 57): all but the coldest climates, bacterium carried by mosquitoes

Editor's Note

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